This day is celebrated in the honor of the birthday of the Father of the nation, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, popularly known as Mahatma Gandhi or Bapuji. Internationally this day is celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence as Gandhiji was the preacher of non-violence. He is a symbol of peace and truth.
Gandhiji was born on 2nd October 1869, in Porbandar, a small town in Gujarat. He studied law in the U.K and practiced law in South Africa. In his autobiography "My experiments with Truth" Gandhiji described his childhood and teenage years, his marriage with Kasturba at the age of 13, and a sheer dedication for his motherland. He has set an example of simple living and high thinking. He was against the addictions like smoking, drinking, and being non-vegetarianism.
Gandhiji was a pioneer of truth and non-violence. He started the 'Satyagraha' movement for the Indian freedom struggle. He played a very significant role in achieving independence for India from British rule. He proved to the world that freedom can be achieved through the path of total non-violence.
The President and the Prime Minister, along with other political leaders, pay homage at Raj Ghat, the Samadhi of Mahatma Gandhi in New Delhi. To honor Gandhi's respect for all religions and communities, representatives from different religions take part in the prayer meeting held at Raj Ghat. Prayers and Verses are read out from Holy books of all religions. Mahatma Gandhi's favorite song 'Raghupati Raghava' is customarily sung at all meetings associated with him.
Gandhi Jayanti is celebrated all over the country and in both government and non-government organizations. Since it's a national holiday all schools, colleges, and offices all over the country remain closed.